Crete East-Central Crete, showing the main places we visited. We stayed in Hersonnissou, on the coast just west of Malia. Lato is a Dorian fortress site, and Lassithi a fruit-growing plateau surrounded by a ring of mountains. Minoan Crete The artistry of the Minoans was of a very high order, as evidenced by the frescos found at Knossos and in Akrotiri Santorini. Not least of the witnesses to this artistry is a small gold bee brooch shown here larger than life size–Click on it to see a magnified version found in the palace at Malia. In Crete we visited the Minoan Palaces or Temples? The Minoan civilization changed after BC, after the explosion of the Thera Santorini volcano, which is calculated to have created a tsunami as high as m about ft high along the coast of Crete. The tsunami would certainly have swept right over Malia, which is situated on the coastal plain looking toward Santorini, and could well have swept up to the head of the valley where Knossos is siuated. It would not have affected Phaestos directly, but the subsequent ash-fall over central and western Crete would have damaged or destroyed the crops for several seasons. Random House, says that on the basis of the known behaviour of pyroclastic flows at Mt St Helens and other larger explosions, it is not inconceivable that the pyroclastic flow from Thera could have destroyed Phaestos by burning, even though nearer places were not burnt.
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He was the son of John Evans a paper industrialist and amateur archaeologist of Welsh descent. Educated at Harrow at Brazenrose college and at the university of Goetingen. He espoused his fathers interest in archaeology and worked at the Ashmole museum in Oxford during the period
Palace of Knossos In , the paleontologist Gerard Gierlinski discovered fossil footprints left by ancient human relatives 5, , years ago. In the later Neolithic and Bronze Age periods, under the Minoans , Crete had a highly developed, literate civilisation. After a brief period of independence — under a provisional Cretan government, it joined the Kingdom of Greece. Prehistoric Crete The first human settlement in Crete dates before , years ago, during the Paleolithic age.
Minoan civilisation Crete was the centre of Europe ‘s first advanced civilisation, the Minoan c. Early Cretan history is replete with legends such as those of King Minos , Theseus and the Minotaur , passed on orally via poets such as Homer. The volcanic eruption of Thera may have been the cause of the downfall of the Minoan civilisation. A number of city states developed in the Archaic period. There was very limited contact with mainland Greece, and Greek historiography shows little interest in Crete, so that there are very few literary sources.
During the 6th to 4th centuries BC, Crete was comparatively free from warfare. The Gortyn code 5th century BC is evidence for how codified civil law established a balance between aristocratic power and civil rights. In the late 4th century BC, the aristocratic order began to collapse due to endemic infighting among the elite, and Crete’s economy was weakened by prolonged wars between city states.
While the cities continued to prey upon one another, they invited into their feuds mainland powers like Macedon and its rivals Rhodes and Ptolemaic Egypt.
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To the south lie the Lasithi mountains. At 7, square metres, it is the third largest of the Minoan palaces. The Minoan name for the Palace is not known and it takes its name from a local town. An EM IIB building, or possibly a group of buildings, built around a large open space has been discovered below the present Palace, and aligned in the same way.
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The Palace of Knossos, Knosos: Address, Phone Number, The Palace of Knossos Reviews: 4/5
Talos is a name which, according to ancient descriptions, is related directly to Zeus Jupiter. According to the legends, Talos was not a human being but a creature made by Zeus himself. Another version of the myth attributes his creation to Hephaestus , the god of fire and iron. In other versions, Talos was the son of Cres and the god Hephaestus.
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During the Olympic Games, the city of Heraklion provided one of the venues for the football tournament. The first fortifications were built by the Arabs and were later reinforced by the Venetians 15th century. From the seven bastions, only the Martinengo bastion survives to this day; there visitors will find the tomb of the renowned writer N. Kazantzakis, overlooking the city.
From the four gates to the city, only Chanioporta with the characteristic winged Lion of Saint Marc and the New Gate at the southern side survive today. In the old Venetian port, next to the modern facilities, one can see the vaulted tarsanades where ships used to be built, while the western side is dominated by the Koule fortress 16th century. In the heart of the city there are many monuments dating to the Middle Ages, a period in which Heraklion witnessed great prosperity.
Check out my post on things to do in Chania Town. A jeep safari to the White mountains The White Mountains, or Lefka Ori, are the main geologic feature of the Chania province on the western side of Crete. These majestic limestone mountains are home to fascinating caves, gorges, and traditional villages.
The smaller of two Minoan snake goddess figurines The Minoans seem to have prominently worshiped a Great Goddess, which had previously led to the belief that their society was matriarchal. However it is now known that this was not the case; the Minoan pantheon featured many deities, among which a young, spear-wielding male god is also prominent. They are often represented by serpents , birds, poppies or an animal on the head.
According to Nanno Marinatos, “The hierarchy and relationship of gods within the pantheon is difficult to decode from the images alone. It was not dominated by fertility any more than any religion of the past or present has been, and it addressed gender identity, rites of passage, and death. It is reasonable to assume that both the organization and the rituals, even the mythology, resembled the religions of Near Eastern palatial civilizations.
Minoan sacred symbols include the bull and its horns of consecration , the labrys double-headed axe , the pillar , the serpent, the sun-disc and the tree. Harissis and Anastasios V. Harissis posit a different interpretation of these symbols, saying that they were based on apiculture rather than religion.
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Ramenth Moderator jgkitarel said: What I am saying is that the initial discovery bears more scrutiny and investigation so we can confirm whether it is a footprint, a result of subsurface decay caused by microorganisms, a sheer coincidence that people mistake for a fantastic find, and so on. We are not the experts here, so leave it to them, and keep in mind that initial discoveries are often published before experts scrutinize the thing to the smallest detail and give their input.
You know, people who have been doing things like this for twenty or more years and know what the hell they’re talking about.
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These mills in fact, are wind-moved pumps and are local patent which serve the local population since But now are in decline because of use of diesel engines and electric motors The economy of Crete is predominantly based on services and tourism. However, agriculture also plays an important role and Crete is one of the few Greek islands that can support itself independently without a tourism industry. Although an emphasis remains on agriculture and stock breeding, because of the climate and terrain of the island, there has been a drop in manufacturing, and an observable expansion in its service industries mainly tourism-related.
As in many regions of Greece, viticulture and olive groves are significant; oranges and citrons are also cultivated. Until recently there were restrictions on the import of bananas to Greece, therefore bananas were grown on the island, predominantly in greenhouses. Dairy products are important to the local economy and there are a number of speciality cheeses such as mizithra , anthotyros , and kefalotyri.
Transport infrastructure European route E75 near Heraklion The island has three significant airports, Nikos Kazantzakis at Heraklion , the Daskalogiannis airport at Chania and a smaller one in Sitia. The first two serve international routes, acting as the main gateways to the island for travellers. There is a long-standing plan to replace Heraklion airport with a completely new airport at Kastelli, where there is presently an air force base.